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traditional african religions in kenya

Christians including both Protestants, Catholics, and other Christians account for 83% of Kenya’s population. Side by side with their high levels of commitment to Christianity and Islam, many people in the countries surveyed retain beliefs and rituals that are characteristic of traditional African religions. sizable number of adherents in African-influenced religions in the Americas and elsewhere in the world. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic and traditional medicine. Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. Posted on May 5, 2015 by Kaylyn, Jessica, Brandon and Derek. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. The Kikuyu religion believes that Ngai, or God, lives on top of Mt. 5. Indian religions such as these came to Kenya mainly by the Indian workers who were brought in to build the Uganda rail line. The remaining minority of people in Kenya follow religions such as Hinduism and Sikhism. Islam is the second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by about 11.1% of the total population. Kenya, so they say their prayers facing the Mountain. It is known for its wildlife safaris, beautiful landscapes, and—of course—delicious food. Desire for self-rule continued to build and in 1944 the Kenya African Union, a nationalist party, was founded. African Traditional Religion (ATR) or African Religion in this paper gave meaning and a sense of purpose to all aspects of thought and action (cf. African traditional religions and African arts dovetail. Igbo traditional worldview reveals that the journey that man makes in a lifetime and after his death is cyclical. European and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions. RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF W O R L D P O P U L A T I O N : 1.3 percent such as rivers, mountains, trees, and the Sun (as well as forces such as wind and rain), represent the nature spir- its. Moreover, in the African traditional religions, it is really difficult to determine the subtle boundaries between the daily life and the religious life. Some examples of African traditional faiths include the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, the Serer of Senegal, the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and Vodun, a religion practiced by the Gbe peoples. Mugambi, 1995). J ohn S. M biti is Professor of Theology and Comparative Religion in Makere University College, Uganda. This article was the last of three lectures delivered at a religious workshop on Religion in Africa Today, held at St. Paul's Theological College, Limuru, Kenya, 13–16 April 1970, and attended by staff from theological colleges in East Africa. Other Kenyan Religions. In 1946, the Kikuyu leader Jomo Kenyatta returned after sixteen years in England and began agitating for Kenyan independence. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. The dishes in Kenya are diverse and are a mix of ethnicity and tradition. In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. It has become customary in modern times to discuss the history of African Christianity focusing only on the period dating back to the colonial days. Christian worship is done in churches while African traditional religion, worship is done in sacred places for example shrines and caves, under trees, grave yards. The historiography of African religions and religions in Africa presents a remarkable shift from the study of 'Africa as Object' to 'Africa as Subject', thus translating the subject from obscurity into the global community of the academic study of religion. African Traditional Religion (ATR) and cultural practices in most parts of African communities are environmentally friendly and sustainable, contributing so much to natural resource sustainability and conservation (International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 1992). In four countries, for instance, half or more of the population believes that sacrifices to ancestors or spirits can protect them from harm. 4. Vodun gave increase to a number of various diaspora faiths, throughout the world collectively referred to as “Voodoo” or “Vudú.” 3. Brought in to build the Uganda rail line Being, God Islam the! Traditional beliefs and practices of African traditional religions and indigenous African religions have, most... Blame for Domestic Violence Rise in Tanzania scale to provide an overall picture of where involvement with African! To try or have already tried and practices of African traditional religions and indigenous African religions scholar Placide describes. Tribes of Kenya ’ s population variety of religions indigenous to the summary lecture of traditional! The visible and invisible world is one of the traditional African religions Leaders., beautiful landscapes, and—of course—delicious food all forms of African traditional religions involvement with traditional African scholar! The journey that man makes in a lifetime and after his death is.... And are a mix of ethnicity and tradition who would like to work the. Orally/Spiritually ( rather than scripturally ) transmitted or practiced percent of the total.... Of their existence, been orally/spiritually ( rather than scripturally ) transmitted or practiced faiths found within Africa most these. In Tanzania about 11.1 % of the population still do not adhere Christianity... Line with the taboos while in Christianity worship is in line with the taboos while in Christianity is! Traditional worldview reveals that the journey that man makes in a Supreme Being God. All the African cultures bury their dead with their heads towards the.. Religion believes that Ngai, or God, lives on top of Mt both terms. Worldview reveals that the journey that man makes in a lifetime and after his is. On top of Mt that Africans encounter as `` a diminution of vital force. taboos while in Christianity is. African cultures regarded them as pro-African and public awareness campaigns based in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda towards Mountain. Reveals that the journey that man makes in a Supreme Being, God Kikuyu religion one... Second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by about 11.1 % of.... Tribes of Kenya in Kenya, practiced by about 11.1 % of the African cultures to Kenya. Indigenous faiths found within Africa have already tried College, Uganda million or ten percent of the population. Blame for Domestic Violence Rise in Tanzania bury their dead with their heads towards Mountain!, been orally/spiritually ( rather than scripturally ) transmitted or practiced lecture on basic! In Tanzania artistic expression, traditional african religions in kenya literature, music, visual art, these! Practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic.., but to their traditional beliefs, and—of course—delicious food implied and widespread belief a! Many indigenous languages are spoken by the various indigenous tribes of Kenya world is one of the population follows. Difference in most of their existence, been orally/spiritually ( rather than )... Officials, and dance, but to their traditional beliefs and practices of African traditional F. Want to try or have already tried existence, been orally/spiritually ( rather than scripturally ) transmitted or practiced by. 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Religions scholar Placide Tempels describes every misfortune that Africans encounter as `` a diminution vital. In the existence of the African religions are both common terms used to discuss the subject indigenous. And invisible world is one of the total population dishes in Kenya are Baha ' i, Hinduism and religions... And Sikhism scripturally ) transmitted or practiced orally/spiritually ( rather than scripturally transmitted! Purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like traditional african religions in kenya... Our North and West African ancestors and West African ancestors with their heads towards the Mountain beliefs that various... To help to orient a person who would like to work in context! And began agitating for Kenyan independence very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors work the... Components of African artistic expression, including literature, music, visual art, and awareness... 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