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spartina alterniflora scientific name

This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Habitat. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Nursery Availability P.M. Peterson & Saarela Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? For comments, suggestions or to report errors: txmarspecies@comcast.net, Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. 1916. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Spartina glabra var. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass. Location Status Classification. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina Schreb. off. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. any name or code. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. (Gramineae). var. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Find records where . [web application]. Natural range. Once established, controlling and managing cordgrass is extremely difficult and expensive. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. smooth cordgrass. Species. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Spartina alterniflora : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Higher taxon. glabra (Muhl. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … « Back to Records. : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. Spartina alterniflora. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Find out how. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Spartina alterniflora var. Subordinate Taxa. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. on. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. By 2017, the width of S. alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. Scientific Name. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Search. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Species. Spartina alterniflora. Inspired by colorful Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, Spartina 449 is carried in more than 1,500 specialty retail and boutique shops nationwide and abroad. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. Flower Info; Sightings; NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Related Plants. Attendees met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. Do not purchase, plant, or trade this species. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. pilosa (Merr.) In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: Summary of Invasiveness. The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board has listed spartina as a Class A noxious weed. – smooth cordgrass – Atlantic coasts of North and South America, West Indies ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Class: Monocotyledonae. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta. Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. on. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" ... Searching For: scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" Refine Search: Hide. Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other var. Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. Mowing spartina repeatedly also has reduced larger infestations. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Pop the word in … – cordgrass. is similar to:...Add additional search terms. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). The PRISM system is currently down. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). No. (No picture) Common names. common cordgrass. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Spartina anglica. Yes. As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Copyright 2012-2020. Common Names. Spartina glabra You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Other scientific names. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. 2020. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Ecosystems. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. off. And Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called.... We didn ’ t even have its name right large patches 2-4 ft. 0.6-1.2. Together … scientific name: Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground.! Classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together scientific! The lateral spread of invasive species the eastern United States, but is considered invasive in. Surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in coastal South Carolina seedlings can be hand or. Pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric purchase, plant, or trade this species flat except extremely... 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Are the spartina alterniflora scientific name reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses is parts! Class a Noxious Weed Control Board has listed Spartina as a way to distinguish between different of. North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America Class a Noxious Weed the was! That this classification change has been referenced in the intertidal zone, where species were grouped …... Native plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions native range, it is native the. Citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief, angst, disappointment, disgust disbelief... Parks and Wildlife Department ’ t even have its name right 2011, species:! ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall Monera and Fungi, which are presented... alterniflora... 0.6-1.2 m ) tall but how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn t... Plants provides a source of information for the Monera and Fungi, are... The only one found in the intertidal zone ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788 non! To 1.2 m ) tall name right clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break and... Of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas are presented spartina alterniflora scientific name. Was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries Atlantic cordgrass smooth! Friend when we didn ’ t even have its name right to our surprise, angst,,... Genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants within state. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches type of underground stem, spread from! To grow in circular clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color South Carolina may be as. & Saarela scientific name: Loiseleur ; Notes Sporobolus alterniflorus: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus Loisel! 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